Valla, Lorenzo


Valla, Lorenzo
(1405-1457)
   Renaissance humanist and philosopher who in 1440 wrote The Donation of Constantine, declaring an eighth-century document used by the papacy to support its claims to temporal power to be a forgery. Lorenzo was a student of Florentine Chancellor Leonardo Bruni. In 1430, he accepted a lecturing position at the University of Pavia after his attempts to obtain employment in the papal court had failed. At Pavia he wrote his De voluptate (1431), composed as a discussion between Florentine humanists that criticizes Ciceronian Stoic ethics. An open letter he wrote in 1433 attacking a jurist and ridiculing Pavian jurisprudence forced him to leave the city. First he went to Milan and later Genoa, finally settling in Naples where he became secretary to King Alfonso I of Aragon. Aside from writing The Donation of Constantine while in his service, he also published the Dialecticae disputationes attacking Aristotelianism. His skepticism toward the papacy and Christian philosophy led to charges of heresy. In 1448, in spite of the allegations, he was invited by Pope Nicholas V to Rome to translate Greek texts. He died in Rome in 1457.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Valla, Lorenzo — • Article by U. Benigni on the teachings of this Italian humanist Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Valla, Lorenzo — born 1407, Rome, Papal States died Aug. 1, 1457, Rome Italian humanist, philosopher, and literary critic. Unable to find a post as a papal secretary, Valla left Rome in 1430 and spent five years traveling in northern Italy. He was royal secretary …   Universalium

  • Valla, Lorenzo — (1407 1457)    Italian humanist, active mainly in Rome and Naples, often regarded as the ablest humanist scholar of the 15th century. He is remembered especially for his innovative approach to linguistic and textual criticism. He was critical of… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Valla, Lorenzo — (1405–1457) Italian Renaissance humanist. Valla first exposed as a fraud the Donation of Constantine, the document 390 purporting to express the gift of the western empire to Pope Sylvester by the emperor Constantine, and thereby proving the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Valla, Lorenzo — (1407, Roma, Estados Pontificios–1 ago. 1457, Roma). Humanista, filósofo y crítico literario italiano. Al no obtener un cargo como secretario papal, Valla dejó Roma en 1430 y pasó los siguientes cinco años viajando por el norte de Italia. Fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Valla, Lorenzo — See Philosophy (The) of the Italian Renaissance …   History of philosophy

  • Valla, Lorenzo —    See Donation of Constantine; Theodore of Gaza …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Valla — Valla, Lorenzo …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Lorenzo Valla — Lorenzo Valla, italienischer Humanist und Kanoniker. Lorenzo Valla (* zw. 1405 und 1407 in Rom; † 1. August 1457 ebenda; auch: Laurentius Valla, Lorenzo della Valle) war ein italienischer Humanist und Kanoniker. Er gilt als Begründer der modernen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lorenzo Valla —     Lorenzo Valla     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lorenzo Valla     (DELLA VALLE).     Humanist and philosopher, b. at Rome, 1405; d. there, 1 Aug., 1457. His father came from Placentia. He studied Latin under Leonardo Bruni (Aretino) and Greek… …   Catholic encyclopedia


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